Periodontal disease is defined in this document as chronic inflammatory diseases of bacterial aetiology that affect the toothsupporting soft and hard tissues. Pdf periodontal diseases of children and adolescents. Dangers of untreated gum disease watch webmd video. Teeth are supported by the gums, or gingiva and bone. In infrabony defects of bone resorption primarily affects one tooth 2. Periodontal health and disease fdi world dental federation.
Periodontal disease affects many americans and is the major cause of adult tooth loss. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a set of inflammatory conditions affecting. Frequently asked questions on the 2018 classification of. Acute periodontal lesions periodontal abscesses and. Its caused by bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on your teeth and gums. In periodontitis patients, a pa could represent a period of disease exacerbation, favored by the existence of tortuous pockets, presence of furcation involvement 16 or a vertical defect, 16, 17 in which the marginal closure of the pocket could lead to an extension of the infection into the surrounding periodontal tissues. Periodontal disease results in different types of defects in the alveolar bone. Karn et al classification1984 to describe irregular defects. The base of the defect is located apical to the surrounding bone.
White paper on prevention and management of periodontal. Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease that destroys bone and gum tissues that support the teeth. These guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease were produced at the request of. Periodontal disease is the name for bacterial infections of the gums in the mouth. Can gum disease cause health problems beyond the mouth. What are the current problemschallenges and recommended. Some dental and periodontal diseases is a broad topic and does not form part of the routine training of medical staff. Bone defects in periodontal disease foundations of. In most instances, angular defects have an accompanying intrabony periodontal pockets.
Infrabony defects when bone resorption occurs unevenly, an oblique direction. Periodontal health and disease in a nutshell even though it is largely preventable, periodontal disease remains a major public health issue in all countries around the world. Pdf principles in prevention of periodontal diseases. When both alveolar bone and outer cortical bone plates are lost.
In some studies, researchers have observed that people with gum disease when compared to. In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Periodontal disease is a disease, or more likely a number of diseases of the periodontal tissues that results in attachment loss and destruction of alveolar bone. The good practitioners guide pdf british society of periodontology. Periodontitis, or pyorrhea, is a disease involving inflammation of the. The natural history of periodontal disease, in some but not all patients, results in tooth loss. Staging intends to classify the severity and extent of a patients disease based on the measurable amount of destroyed andor damaged tissue as a result of periodontitis and to assess the specific factors that may attribute to the complexity of longterm case management. Periodontal diseases comprise a wide range of inflammatory conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth the gingiva, bone and periodontal ligament, which could. For instance, if the case was classified as stage iii due to the presence of. Some dental and periodontal diseases general information. Does gum disease have a link to cancer, dementia, stroke.153 976 1568 508 1497 1180 1154 913 13 783 1391 709 1426 1402 818 426 174 148 582 1067 658 336 34 997 614 1571 363 792 947 208 757 182 1029 1164 75